Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Let love be genuine. Abhor what is evil; hold fast
to what is good.
Let’s begin with some biblical thoughts about how to read the Bible
in a way that changes us deeply. Especially how are we supposed to read
passages like this that have piles of short exhortations. The five verses
from Romans 12:9 to 12:13 contain 13 exhortations.
1) Let love be genuine. 2) Abhor what is evil; 3) hold fast to what
is good. 10 4) Love one another with brotherly affection. 5) Outdo one
another in showing honor. 11 6) Do not be slothful in zeal, 7) be fervent
in spirit, 8)serve the Lord. 12 9) Rejoice in hope, 10) be patient in
tribulation, 11) be constant in prayer. 13 12) Contribute to the needs
of the saints and 13) seek to show hospitality.
Suppose you get up in the morning and have set yourself to read several
chapters of the Bible before you enter the day. And suppose that one
of them is Romans 12. So you read through the chapter. Now what do you
remember from those 13 exhortations? What will you remember in two hours?
And what effect did they have? After three minutes reading this chapter,
how are you changed in your love, and hate, and brotherly affection,
and honoring others, and zeal, and fervency, and service, and hope,
and joy, and patience, and prayer, and generosity, and hospitality?
Did mentioning these 13 exhortations in your mind for a total of about
15 seconds transform your heart and mind so that all 13 of them are
fired up and growing? Surely that’s why this was written.
But it doesn’t usually work that way. Reading over texts like this
once, and quickly, has little effect to produce all these beautiful
things in our lives. So what are we to do? What would make these things
Paul’s Goal for Us from Romans 15
Paul gives us guidance in chapter 15. In Romans 15:15-16 he says
. . . (keep in mind he is writing mainly to Gentiles, that is, non-Jews
in Rome and he is explaining how his ministry of writing this letter
helps him accomplish his aim of transforming Gentile sinners into a
worship gift to God),
On some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder,
because of the grace given me by God 16 to be a minister of Christ Jesus
to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that
the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy
Notice several things:
- His aim is that the Gentiles be an “acceptable offering” (v. 16)—just
like he said in Romans 12:2 that we prove what is good and “acceptable”:
the will of God.
- His means of preparing the Gentiles—us—for God as acceptable
living sacrifices of worship (Romans 12:1) is to write to us and remind
us boldly of things we may already know (15:15).
- But the writing alone
does not produce the holiness and the newness and the love that Paul
is aiming at in us, so he says at the end of verse 16, “sanctified by
the Holy Spirit.”
So now we know Paul’s goal for us when we read Romans 12. He
writes to us boldly to remind of some things that we already know with
the aim that we be transformed in our hearts and minds and begin to
embrace the acceptable will of God, and that this all happen by the
power of the Holy Spirit. Neither can be excluded from Paul’s strategy:
the word and the Spirit. Not the word without the Spirit, and not the
Spirit without the word. The 13 exhortations of Romans 12:9-13 are written
so that the Holy Spirit may take them and make them the means of his
transforming, sanctifying work.
Implications for How We Read Romans 12
The implication this has for how we read Romans 12 is threefold (at
- It means we will pray as we read. We will ask God to pour out his
Holy Spirit to make the Word effective in our lives. We will admit our
need for him and be conscious that mere reading will not produce godly
lives. We will depend on his work in us to make the word produce what
it commands. We will say with St. Augustine: Command what you will and
grant what you command. We will pray.
- We will consciously look to Jesus
Christ as the one who died for us and rose again so that we could be
forgiven for all our failures to live this way, and have any hope that
God would look with favor on us to help us. We also look to him as the
one who lived perfectly like this as our perfect example. And we look
to him as the one we hope to glorify by living this way.
we look to Christ as the foundation and model and goal of the Romans
12 way of living is that the Holy Spirit is sent into the world to glorify
Jesus Christ (John 16:14). If we try to live like this for our glory—even
with the help of the Holy Spirit—it will not work. The Holy Spirit is
not sent to give us glory, but to give Christ glory. So we pray for
the help of the Holy Spirit, and we look away from ourselves to Christ
for the purchase and the example and the goal of this new way of living.
When we look to Christ, the Holy Spirit empowers us to live the Romans
- We meditate on these exhortations and do not breeze over them.
We linger over them. We ask what they mean, and we think about that
in relation to the other Scriptures. We ask what difference these exhortations
would make in our lives, and we think about practical situations where
they affect us. We slow down. We don’t just fly at 560 miles an hour
in our 747 36,000 miles above the grove of fruit trees and look down
and say, “My, what an impressive grove of fruit trees.” Instead, we
land the plane and walk through the grove of trees and stop here and
there and pick the fruit and eat it and savor the beauty and the sweetness
of this grove. In other words, we meditate on these words. We don’t
rush over them.
All of that I think is implied in Romans 15:15-16. So that is what
we want to do now. We will begin our walk through the grove of trees.
We will pray earnestly as we go that God will transform us by what we
see and what we eat. We will look away from ourselves in a kind of self-forgetfulness
that focuses on Jesus Christ as the one who died for us that we might
live this way (Titus 2:14), and who satisfies us with all that he is
and promises. And we will linger over these words rather than rushing
The First Exhortation: Let Love Be Genuine
So our focus first is on the first exhortation in Romans 12:9, “Let
love be genuine.” Literally: “Let love be without hypocrisy.” In a sense
we begin a new section here at verse 9, and in a sense we don’t.
We do in this sense. Verses 4-8 have been about the use of our spiritual
gifts, and now Paul turns from the focus on gifts to the focus on the
more general way of love in the church. This is just what he did in
1 Corinthians 12-13. Recall that 1 Corinthians 12 is all about spiritual
gifts. But then Paul says at the end of chapter 12 in 1 Corinthians
12:31, “But earnestly desire the higher gifts. And I will show you a
still more excellent way. If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels,
but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.” So Paul
moves from spiritual gifts to the more general and more excellent way
of love. He does that in 1 Corinthians, and he does it here.
But in another sense this is not a new section, because Paul is still
what it means to have a transformed mind from verse 2 and
what it looks like when we are not thinking more highly of ourselves
than we ought but are thinking highly of Christ with the measure of
faith that we have as verse 3 says.
In fact, I am not sure Paul felt that there should be any pause at
all between the list in verses 6-8 and exhortation for love in verse
9. Remember, Paul was saying in verse 8 that contributing should be
generous, and leadership should be zealous, and mercy should be cheerful.
And now he simply adds, Love should be without hypocrisy.
Think of it. Of all the things he could have said that love should
be (Let love be great, earnest, joyful, constant, bold, etc.) he says,
“Let love be without hypocrisy.” Why is that even on his mind? I think
it’s on his mind because it is the dead opposite of verse 3. Verse 3
says not to think of ourselves too highly, but to think with faith,
that is, to think with our minds and hearts looking away to Christ for
our peace and satisfaction. Verse 3 is about a wonderful self-forgetfulness
in the service of Christ. And the exact opposite of that is hypocrisy.
Why? Because the hypocrite is totally concerned about himself. How
will I appear? is his driving question. How can I create a
good impression of me? is the consuming desire.
So Paul has not left his theme. By the mercies of God in Christ he
is working for transformed minds that are not conformed to this age
but are renewed, and that means first and foremost do not make much
of themselves but make much of Christ. There is a lifestyle that shows
the worth of Christ-exaltation over the worth of self-exaltation. That
is what he is after. And now he is calling for it generally in love.
Let love be without hypocrisy.
So let’s linger here and meditate on what hypocrisy is and why people
do it, and what love would look like without it.
Two Manifestations of Hypocrisy
What is it? Hypocrisy shows itself in two ways. One is that it
tries to make the outside look better than the inside. We put forward
what looks like a loving behavior that does not really signify what
we feel inside—just as Paul said in 1 Corinthians 13:3, “If I give away
all I have, and if I deliver up my body to be burned,but have not love,
I gain nothing.” So you can do some remarkable external acts of sacrifice
and not have love.
The classic statement of this form of hypocrisy is Matthew 15:7 where
Jesus said, “You hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, when he
said: “‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far
from me.’” External lip-praise was not accompanied by internal heart-praise.
Jesus called this hypocrisy.
Few things brought down his wrath like hypocrisy. For example, in
Matthew 23:25, 27 he said, “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
For you clean the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside they
are full of greed and self-indulgence. . . . Woe to you, scribes and
Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs, which outwardly
appear beautiful, but within are full of dead people’s bones and all
So the first way that hypocrisy shows itself is when we hide internal
sin by putting up a moral, external front.
Here’s the other way that hypocrisy shows itself. We hide our
own flaws (sometimes even from ourselves) by drawing attention to other
people’s flaws so that ours don’t show up so clearly. This I would
suggest is found most frequently in marriage troubles. But not only
there. For example, in Luke 6:42 Jesus said, “How can you say to your
brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when
you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite,
first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly
to take out the speck that is in your brother's eye.”
So Paul is saying: real love doesn’t act this way. Let love be without
hypocrisy. It isn’t love if it is hypocrisy. He said in 1 Corinthians
13:6 that love “rejoices with the truth.” But hypocrisy is all about
falsehood, concealment, deceit, cloaking, misleading, hiding. Hypocrisy
is the opposite of loving the truth. So it is the opposite of love.
So, Paul says, Let love be without hypocrisy. Let it be genuine.
Two Aims of Hypocrisy
So we have seen two ways hypocrisy shows itself. Now ponder where
this evil comes from. What is going on? Why do people do this? Why do
we do it? There are at least two aims of hypocrisy that I see in the
First, there is the aim to get and keep the praise and approval
of other people. Hypocrisy is driven by the craving for other people
to make much of us. For example, in Matthew 6:2 Jesus said, “When you
give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do
in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by
others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.”
And in verse 5 he says, “And when you pray, you must not be like the
hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at
the street corners, that they may be seen by others. Truly,
I say to you, they have received their reward.”
In other words, they craved the reward of men’s approval and praise.
They got it, and that is all they got. Love is not like that, Paul says.
It is not hypocritical. It does not crave the praise of men. It is has
been set free from that bondage. In fact, that is close to the essence
of love: It doesn’t think highly of itself—it doesn’t think much about
itself at all. It is riveted on Christ and all that God is for us in
him. The command to love without hypocrisy is really a command to know
Christ and love Christ and find your satisfaction in Christ so that
you do not crave the praise of men any more.
But there is another evil that hypocrisy sometimes aims at. Most
commonly we think of hypocrisy aiming at the praise of others. So there
is a kind of posturing and posing. But there is a more subtle aim,
namely, to cover sins that may have nothing to do with how we are posturing
For example, in Luke 13 Jesus heals a woman who had been bent over
for 18 years. It was the Sabbath. So the ruler of the synagogue was
angry and said, “There are six days in which work ought to be done.
Come on those days and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day.” Then
the Lord Jesus answered him, “You hypocrites! Does not each
of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or his donkey from the manger and
lead it away to water it?” (vv. 14-15).
Jesus called this man’s zeal for the Sabbath hypocrisy. Why? It wasn’t
much that he was seeking the praise of men. He was a hypocrite because
his religious zeal was hiding something. What was this man concealing?
“Does not each of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or his donkey . .
. and lead it away to water it?” Bottom line: money! (See Luke 16:14.)
You don’t give a rip about this woman! But you care about your ox and
your donkey! Your zeal for the Lord’s day is sheer hypocrisy.
Liberal Hypocrites and Fundamentalist Hypocrites
Oh, Bethlehem, beware of making our religion a cloak for worldliness!
There are liberals who do this—talking endlessly about the poor and
about peace and about the environment—and sleeping around on the weekend.
And there are fundamentalists and evangelicals who do this—talking endlessly
about the cesspool of modern culture and the godlessness of secular
humanism—and hiding away in their safe suburban (or urban) homes, with
their surround sound entertainment centers, driving their $25,000 cars,
and not lifting a finger for the poor, or the catastrophic needs of
It cuts both ways. You can be a liberal hypocrite, and you can be
fundamentalist hypocrite. But love is not that way. Love doesn’t put
up artificial fronts. Love does not dwell on the flaws of others. Love
does not crave the praise of men. And love does not act religious to
Love forgets itself and looks to Christ and overflows with joy in
him to meet the needs of others. So let us look to Christ for everything